Conference Programme


Gels in Conservation Conference – London, Emmanuel Centre, 16th – 18th October 2017

* the oral conference presentations will be divided into sessions based on gel types. We will post the actual timetable for the conference in summer 2017.

Long talks

Evaluation of advanced surface cleaning systems for modern and contemporary art – the Nanorestart project at Tate
Lora V. Angelova, Bronwyn Ormsby (Tate)

Study of Different Commercial Agar Gels as Cleaning Materials
M. Bertasa, O. Chiantore, T. Poli, C. Riedo, A. Sansonetti, D. Scalarone (of cultural heritage (ICVBC Milan), & Department of Chemistry (Turin))

Thermo-reversible Rigid Agar Hydrogels as ‘Cleaning Tools’
Paolo Cremonesi (Lodi, Italy), Antonella Casoli (University of Parma, Italy)

Coupling Gellan gels and electrochemical biosensors: a real time monitoring of washing and enzymatic treatments on a paper artworks
S. Iannuccelli, S. Sotgiu, S. Dominijanni, S. Puteo, C. Mazzuca, L. Micheli (ICPAL, Rome)

The application of silicone polymers in the removal of grime from an unvarnished oil painting containing water-sensitive materials: The Five-Mast Schooner J.B. Prescott, 1899, by Solon Francis Montecello Badger
Philip Klausmeyer, Birgit Straehle, Rita Albertson (Worcester Art Museum, USA)

Particle-Based Silicone Cleaning Emulsions. Studies in Model Paint Systems and the Cleaning of Water Sensitive Artworks
Anthony Lagalante (Villanova University) and Richard Wolbers (University of Delaware)

Novel Surface-Attached Gels from Photocrosslinkable Polyacrylamides for the Cleaning of Works of Art
Anca Mateescu, Silvia Freese, Petra Frank, Ulrich Jonas and Charis Theodorakopoulos

Conservation of mural paintings by Eugène Delacroix at the Saint Sulpice church in Paris
Alina Moskalik-Detalle, Marie Monfort (Paris)

Conservation of a White Louise Nevelson Installation: Gel Choices and a Case Study
Sarah Nunberg, Cindie Kehlet (Pratt Institute, Brooklyn), Soraya Alcala,Piero Baglioni, Carolyn Tomkiewicz, Chris McGlinchy, Michael Henry, Jens Dittmer

Case study of a large altarpiece by Piero di Cosimo: the use of gel formulations coupled with mechanical cleaning techniques to successfully remove old overpaint and pigmented coatings from a fragile paint layer
Irma Passeri, Annika Finne, Aniko Bezur (Yale University)

The restoration of an iconic painting of the MNAM Pompidou : Barnett Newman – “Shining Forth”
Véronique Sorano Stedman (Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris)

Gels in Practice (provisional title)
Chris Stavroudis

Rigid Polysaccharide Gels for Paper Conservation: A Residue Study
Michelle Sullivan, Teresa Duncan, Barbara Berrie, and Richard Weiss (J Paul Getty Museum)

Gels in Conservation- 30 years on
Richard Wolbers (University of Delaware)


Short Talks

The release of organic solvents from cleaning gels in oil paint model systems
Lambert Baij, Joen Hermans, Petria Noble, Katrien Keune & Piet Iedema (University of Amsterdam)

Chelating soluble iron(II) from iron gall ink using calcium phytate in agar gel
Avery Bazemore, Student, West Dean College, Sussex

Innovative canvas cleaning techniques in paintings with the combined use of Gel Systems and Aquazol 500 pre-preg facing pads.
Enrica Boschetti, Christian Tortato

Integrative Solutions for Treating Water Stains on Acrylic Canvases: Case Study Composition, 1963 by Justin Knowles
Maggie Barkovic, Olympia Diamond, Maureen Cross (Courtauld Institute)

Gels at the Winterthur/University of Delaware Program in Art Conservation: a retrospective review of 30 years of student projects
Matthew Cushman (Winterthur Museum, USA)

Addition of Short-Chain Glycol Ethers to Aqueous Polymeric Dispersions for Cleaning a Range of Surfaces
Teresa T. Duncan, Barbara H. Berrie, Richard G. Weiss (Georgetown University and NGA Washington)

Resurrecting a Giant: Using Solvent Gels and Aqueous Systems to Restore Villanova University’s Triumph of David
Kristin deGhetaldi, Brian Baade, Emily Wroczynski, Zachary Voras, Thomas Beebe Jr.(Delaware, USA)

Study on the use of gellan gum and agar in comparison to immersion in water for the paper cleaning, and application to the pages of a drawings album.
Céline Delattre (Paris)

The water mobility in hydrogels used in biocleaning method on mural painting: a unilateral nmr study
Valeria Di Tullio, Eleonora Gioventù, Noemi Proietti , Loredana Luvidi, Anna Maria Mecchi, Donatella Capitani (CNR, Monterotondo, Italy)

Cleaning Assessment of a Vinyl Dispersion Paint Comparing Velvesil Plus Gel®, Microemulsion and Aqueous Solutions
Emilie Faust, Nathalie Balcar, Nicolas Mélard (Paris)

Moving On Up: A Review of Results from SRAL’s Tissue-Gel Approach
Gwendoline Fife (Stichting Restauratie Atelier Limburg)

A look into the influence of gelling agents, pH and conductivity in the mechanical properties of paper subjected to different wet cleaning treatments
Clelia Isca, Laura Fuster-Lopez, Elena Aguado-Guardiola (UPV /University Of Parma)

A study on the influence of organic and inorganic alkali on the formulation and properties of Pemulen®TR-2 gels
Sofia Hennen, Francisco Mederos-Henri, Cecile de Boulard), Maria-Fernanda Espinosa, Paolo Cremonesi (CROA, Brussels

Measurement of Surface ph of Paper Using Agarose Gel Plugs
Amy Hughes (Metropolitan Museum Of Art, NYC)

The effect of gelling agents and solvents on PMMA surfaces: a comparative study
Stefani Kavda, Emma Richardson, Stavroula Golfomitsou (UCL Qatar)

Towards temperature enhanced gels: experimental application of transparent highly accurate IMAT carbon nanotube heater for surface cleaning with hydrogels and enzymatic gels
Tomas Markevicius, Terje Syversen, Emma Chan, Nina Olsson, Carola Skov Hilby and Ryte Simaite

Giant Sequoia: an extraordinary case study involving solvent gel
Chelsea McKibbin, Lu Allington-Jones and Efstratia Verveniotou (Natural History Museum, London)

The case of Capogrossi in Rome : trials and tests using gel for the cleaning of a contemporary wall painting
Paola Mezzadri, Giancarlo Sidoti, Maria Carolina Gaetani

Restoration of the murals painted by Adolphe Roger in the church of Notre Dame de Lorette (Paris, France)
Méliné Miguirditchian, Nicolas Engel, Laetitia Desvois, Anne-Laure Capra

Revisiting a shipwrecked felt hat for Chatham Historic Dockyard.
Deborah Phipps and Jonathan Clark (Norfolk Museums Service)

Evaluation Of Cleaning Leather With A Rigid Hydrogel Of Gellan Gum on two composite Amharic shields from Museo Nazionale Preistorico Etnografico Luigi Pigorini, Rome
Flavia Puoti, Anna Valeria Jervis, Roberto Ciabattoni, Egidio Cossa, Antonella Di Giovanni, Maria Rita Giuliani, Giuseppe Guida, Marcella Ioele

Removing iron stains from wood and textile objects: assessing gelled siderophores as novel green chelators
Stavroula Rapti, Stamatis Boyatzis, Shayne Rivers, Athanasios Velios and Anastasia Pournou (Dept of Conservation of Antiquities & Works of Art, TEI, Athens)

Application of Task-specific Ionic Liquids based agar-gar gels for electrochemical reduction of silver sulphide in silvered objects
Joana São João, Luís C. Branco, Sara Leite Fragoso, Fernando Pina (Universidade Nova De Lisboa)

Challenges of a virgin surface: Designing a cast Agar gel cleaning system for Patrick Heron’s Interior with Nude, c. 1946
Alysia Sawicka, Katherine Ara, Mia O’Toole

Residual Concern: Aqueous Pemulen TR-2 gels used within the Modular Cleaning Program
Anne Schaffer, Dr. Aaron Shugar, James Hamm and Rebecca Ploeger

Gelling Predictions: The challenges of Taking Controlled Research into Practice (previous – To Gel or Not to Gel? : The Principles and Practice of Using Agarose Gel Poultices on Textiles)
Emma Schmitt and Sarah Foskett

Gels for removing coatings from Malvina Hoffman’s bronze sculptures, a case study. (Gels for removing unexpected coatings from Malvina Hoffman’s “Races of Mankind” sculptures, a case study.)
Shelley M. Smith

Methylcellulose Gels for Thickening Protein Glues during Re-adhesion of Flaking Paint (Gels for thickening protein glues during re-adhesion of flaking paint)
Karolina Soppa and Dr Stefan Zumbühl (Bern University)

Folding Enzymes into Gels: Case Studies from a paper conservator
Yana van Dyke (Metropolitan Museum, NYC)

From Biomass to Restoration – a new green tool for the cleaning of artworks
Francesca Volpi, Chiara Samori, Laura Mazzocchettii, Silvia Prati1, Paola Galletti, Giorgia Sciutto, Loris Giorgini, Emilio Tagliavini ,Rocco Mazzeo (University Of Bologna)

Investigating the use of phytate-gel systems to treat Iron Gall Ink at The British Library
Gayle Whitby, Zoe Miller and Paul Garside (British Library)



The use of agarose gels – Canasol® – acetone as a cleaning method using nonpolar substances on a nineteenth century document.
Beatriz Aguilar Sánchez, Rodrigo Buentello Martínez (INBA and EnCrym, Mexico City)

The use of solvent gels and thickened emulsions for cleaning water- and solvent-sensitive paintings. Case studies: 16th century tüchlein (glue size) paintings covering the doors of an altarpiece; a 19th century oil painting on a paper support.
Carmen Ahedo Pino (IPCE-MECD,Madrid)

The testing of a potassium polyacrylate (water) gel as pretreatment and storage of wet marine iron-organic composite artefacts
V. Argyropoulos, A. Bei, S.C. Boyatzis (Technological Educational Institute , Athens)

Barkcloth conservation challenges and the use of Agar gel
Chiara Arrighi, Maria Francesca Quarato, Luciana Rossi (Museo Nazionale Preistorico Etnografico “Luigi Pigorini”, Rome)

Local cleaning on paper with rigid gels: the relevance of pH adjustment
Sophie Barbisan and Anne-Laurence Dupont (Institut national du Patrimoine, Paris)

Biocleaning wall paintings with rough surfaces using warm agar gels
Bosch-Roig.P, Regidor Ros J.L., Soriano Sancho M.P., Montes Estelles R., Roig Picazo P.

The use of pemulen gels in public area (The use of Pemulen emulsions for the removal of dirt and overpaint from a Civil Arms portrait by Jonson van Ceulen, 1650.)
Marjan de Visser and Lucy Odlin (Den Haag)

Use of Acetone Rigid Gel For Adhesive Removal on an Early 20th Century Poster
María del Pilar Tapia López, Rodrigo Ruiz Herrera, Angélica Vásquez Martínez (ENCRyM-INAH MEXICO)

The removal of overpaint from a plaster cast of Hermes Fastening his Sandal
Eliza Doherty (London)

Use of Nanorestore Gels on Lime Wall Paintings in Swedish Medieval Churches
Hanna Eriksson, Ingrid Wedberg, Johanna Nessow and Matilda Dronmark-Thorlund

Removal of adhesives and cleaning media library: new treatments with gels on paper and parchment
M. Fagiolo, V. Giunta, C. Mazzuca and S. Orlanducci (University Of Rome)

Polyvinyl alcohol – borate gels as carriers of micro-emulsions and micellar solutions
Anna Fialová, Petr Kotlík (University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague)

Carbopol gels as carriers for oxidizing agents, in discoloured lead white conversion treatments
Lana Linda Fiskovic

The Release of St. Peter
Claudia Alejandra Garza and Ramón Avendaño ( Escuela Nacional de Conservación, Restauración y Museografía ENCRyM, Mexico)

The removal of acrylic coatinngs (Paraloid B72) from wall paintings by means of gelled systems. Practical case in roman frescoes from Empúries
Aleix Barberà Giné and Silvia Marín Ortega (Centre De Restauració De Béns Mobles De Catalunya)

Evaluation of rigid gels for cleaning a modern heavy impasto-ed and unvarnished paintings by statistical roughness analysis
Agata Graczyk, Marine Page, Pauline Hélou-de La Grandière and Sigrid Mirabaud

Solvent Gel vs. Solvent Poultice: Evaluating Two Techniques for Removal of Pressure-Sensitive Tape Stains from Paper
Cecilia Isaksson

From Brown to Bright – Removing several varnish and dirt layers from a 17th century wooden painted ceiling.
Roos Keppler, Annefloor Schlotter and Johanneke Verhave

Assessment of chemical systems on polychromed stone surfaces: a comparative study of hydrogels and physical gels

Marta Gómez Ubierna, Ana Laborde Marqueze, Maria Antonia García Rodríguez, Pedro Pablo Pérez García, Andrés Sánchez Ledesma, Livio Ferrazza

Comparison of three hydrogels for the local electrolysis of silver thread in textile conservation
Aline Letrange, Emmanuelle Pons, Julie Guerrier, Dominique Hourdet

Using Agarose gels to test conductivity and ph of pigments on paper in order to design more informed treatment proposals and to make better decision about storage and display (Turner, Casson and Darukhanawala)
Melissa Lewis

Using gellan gum for the stratigraphic cleaning of a canvas painting
Giacomo Maranesi (Fermo, Italy)

Using a “gel” of nanolime and nanosilica to repair highly damaged glass mosaic tesserae

Monica Martelli Castaldi, Marta Ebbreo, Ilaria Liguori, Simon Elio Leitner

Reports on the use of agar gel as solvent and poultice material for cleaning and overpaint removal in tempera paintings conservation
Michescu Andreea, Floroiu Anastasia, Ilie Daniela.Cristina, Pavel Rodica, Dudu Valentina, Postolache Dana, Darida Ioan. (University Of Fine Arts Bucharest)

The removal of layers of overlapping dirt and altered coatings from heavily restored medieval painted ceramic socarrats from València (Spain) by means of gelled systems.
Silvia Marín Ortega Aleix Barberà Giné (Escola Superior De Conservació-Restauració De Béns Culturals De Catalunya)

Washing paper with rigid gels bearing chelating agents
Ekaterina Pasnak (University Of Bergen)

The possibility of chelate sustaining gellan gum gels for treating paper objects
Brook Prestowitz (Conservation Center For Art And Historic Artifacts, Philadelphia)


Chiara Riedo, Giulia Rollo, Dominique Scalarone, Oscar Chiantore

Restoration of Paintings on Canvas in the rooms of Saint Aloysius Gonzaga at the Collegio Romano (Rome)
Susanna Sarmati (Rome)

“Getting Into the (Sea)Weeds: The Use of Rigid Agar Gels for the Cleaning of a Birch Bark Canoe”
Cindy Lee Scott (CLS Conservation Services Ltd)

Deconstructed agar gels in the restoration of the wall paintings in the chapel of Sant Miquel, in Monestir Reial de Santa Maria de Pedralbes, Barcelona
Rosa Senserrich-Espuñes, Marilena Anzani , Rabbolini Alfiero, Lidia Font-Pagès (University Of Barcelona)

Towards a sustainable use of agar/agarose in conservation: a case study from the Izu Peninsula, Japan
Misa Tamura (University of Glasgow), Koji Takagi

The use of gels for the cleaning of icon varnish and removal of surface stains from paintings at the Department of Restoration, National Academy of Art, Bulgaria
Silviya Varadinova-Papadaki

Responsive Bio-based Gels for the Preservation and Treatment of Archaeological Wooden Objects
Zarah Walsh-Korb and Luc Averous (University of Strasbourg)